Royal Arctic Line A/S was founded in 1993. At this time, several divisions under KNI, a trading company under the Home Rule, were split into individual public limited companies.

One of these divisions were given the task, of handling shipping in Greenland, and Royal Arctic Line became a reality. The company builds on more than 200 years of experience with shipping to and around Greenland - first as Den Kongelige Greenlandske Handel (The Royal Greenland Trading Company), then as KNI, and then since 1993, as Royal Arctic Line.